वनोपज के खुले बाजार ने जारी की नई कीमत महुआ डोरी 22 से 23 सौ रुपए क्विंटल

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भुवन वर्मा, बिलासपुर 22 मई 2020

खाद्य और अखाद्य सामग्री निर्माण कंपनियों की मांग निकली
औषधि निर्माता कंपनियों ने भी चालू की खरीदी

बिलासपुर- इस बार महुआ डोरी की खरीदी 22 से 23 सो रुपए क्विंटल की दर पर होगी। वनोपज के खुले बाजार ने नई फसल की कीमत तय करके बता दिया है कि इस में आने वाले दिनों में भी तेजी की संभावना है क्योंकि बाजार में मांग का दबाव बन चुका है। लिहाजा संग्राहक क्षेत्रों तक सूचना पहुंचा दी गई है।

चरोटा और महुआ का बाजार तेजी से बढ़ चुका है। एक्सपोर्ट ने इसे पहचान दी है उसके बाद अब यह खोजने में भी गांव में आसानी से नहीं मिलते। अब बारी है महुआ के फल की जिसे स्थानीय भाषा में महुआ डोरी या टोरी कहा जाता है। बहु उपयोगी याने खाद्य और अखाद्य श्रेणी की हर चीज देने में सक्षम महुआ डोरी की यही विविधता इसे इस साल रिकॉर्ड कीमत देगी। फलों के लगने के बाद गिरने का काम चालू हो चुका है और इसी के साथ खुल गया है इसकी खरीदी का भी काम। वनोपज कारोबारियों ने फसल की स्थिति को देखते हुए जो भाव खोले हैं उसके बाद संग्राहक को इसके संग्रहण की रुचि बढ़ाने में मदद मिलेगी।

फल तैयार भाव खुला
महुआ फूलों के गिरने के बाद इसमें मई के प्रथम सप्ताह में फलों का लगना चालू हो जाता है और मई अंत तक फल तैयार होने लगता है। इसके साथ ही गिरने की प्रक्रिया भी चालू हो जाती है और चालू हो जाता है संग्रहण का काम। घरेलू मांग में इजाफा के बाद इस बार वनोपज के खुले बाजार ने कीमतें तय कर दी है जिसके अनुसार फिलहाल खरीदी 22से 23 सो रुपए क्विंटल किधर पर की जा रही है लेकिन बहु उपयोगी होने के गुणों के खुलासे के बाद खाद्य और अखाद्य चीजों के निर्माण से जुड़ी इकाइयों की खरीदी के लिए आर्डर लिए जाने लगे हैं। जो भाव खुले हैं उसे देखते हुए संभावना जताई जा रही है कि इसमें और तेजी आ सकती है।

गिर रहे गुच्छे मैं
महुआ डोरी के एक गुच्छे में चार से पांच फल लगते हैं और एक फल में चार से पांच बीज आते हैं। इनका आकार दो से 3 सेंटीमीटर लंबा और 1.25 से 1.75 सेंटीमीटर चौड़े अंडाकार बीज में 46 से 52 प्रतिशत तेल होता है। यही तेल इसका सबसे ज्यादा उपयोगी चीज है। तेल निकालने के बाद हासिल खली का उपयोग उर्वरक के रूप में किया जा सकता है क्योंकि इसमें नाइट्रोजन फास्फोरस और पोटाश की अच्छी खासी मात्रा होती है। उत्पादक क्षेत्रों से आ रही खबरों के अनुसार फलों के गिरने की प्रक्रिया चालू हो चुकी है लेकिन संग्रहण का काम जोर नहीं पकड़ पाया है।

बनती है यह खाद्य सामग्रियां

बीज में 40 से 52 प्रतिशत तेल की मात्रा होने से पिराई के बाद हासिल तेल से डालडा सनफ्लावर और वनस्पति तेल में मिश्रण की अनुमति है। जमने की प्रक्रिया और तेल से ज्यादा होने की वजह से यह चॉकलेट उद्योग की भी मांग में रहती आई है। कई क्षेत्रों में इसका संग्रहण किया जाता है वहां इसका उपयोग खाने और जलाने के तेल के रूप में भी किया जाता है।

अखाद्य श्रेणी में यह वस्तुएं
महुआ बीज से हासिल तेल से लुब्रिकेटिंग ग्रीस भी बनाई जाने लगी है। बीते 5 सालों से यह उद्योग धीरे-धीरे अपनी मांग बढ़ा रहा है। इसके अलावा मोमबत्ती उद्योग भी मांग कर रहे हैं क्योंकि इसमें जमने और जलने के गुण समान रूप से विद्यमान है। उपयोग का बढ़ता क्षेत्र अब इसका तेल स्थानीय स्तर पर साबुन बनाने की इकाई अभी करने लगी है तो हल्की क्वालिटी के सौंदर्य प्रसाधन इकाइयां भी मांग का दबाव बना चुकी है।


तेल में औषधीय गुणों का खुलासा
महुआ बीज का तेल ना केवल खाद्य और अखाद्य श्रेणी की चीजों के निर्माण में उपयोगी है बल्कि इसमें कुछ ऐसे महत्वपूर्ण औषधीय गुणों का खजाना छिपा हुआ है जिसे अब तक जाना नहीं जा सका था। इसके तेल की मालिश से गठिया व सिरदर्द दूर किया जा सकता है तो खाद्य तेल के सेवन से कब्ज सहित पेट की दूसरी अन्य बीमारियां भी दूर की जा सकती है।


खली में यह उर्वरक तत्व
तेल हासिल करने के बाद जो अवशेष रह जाते हैं उसे खली कहा जाता है। इस में नाइट्रोजन की मात्रा 2.5 प्रतिशत फास्फोरस 0.8 प्रतिशत और पोटाश की मात्रा 1.5 प्रतिशत होने से यह पूरी तरह प्राकृतिक खाद का काम करती है। इसका उपयोग अभी तक केवल संग्रहण क्षेत्र ही करते रहे हैं। गुणों के खुलासे के बाद इसका उपयोग क्षेत्र बढ़ने की संभावना है क्योंकि इस के छिड़काव से कोई विपरीत परिणाम नहीं मिले हैं।

तेल में क्या और कितने प्रतिशत
महुआ डोरी पर हुए रिसर्च के बाद बीज के तेल में जो तत्व मिले हैं उसके अनुसार इसमें पालमीटिक अम्ल की मात्रा 16 से 28 प्रतिशत होती है। स्टेरिक 20.25 और आर्केलिक की मात्रा 0.33 प्रतिशत के होने का पता चला है। ओलिक की मात्रा 41 से 51 प्रतिशत और लिको निक की मात्रा 8.9 से 13.07 प्रतिशत की मात्रा होने से इसे उपलब्ध दर्जनों वनोपज के बीच महत्वपूर्ण दर्जा दिलाती है।

इसलिए महत्वपूर्ण है डोरी
महुआ डोरी में 40.52 प्रतिशत तेल, 16.9 प्रतिशत प्रोटीन, 3.2 प्रतिशत फाइबर, 22 प्रतिशत कार्बोहाइड्रेट, 3.4 प्रतिशत राख, 2.5 प्रतिशत सेपोनीन तथा 0.5 प्रतिशत टैनिन होने के खुलासे के बाद महुआ डोरी को वनोपज की किस्मों में सबसे महत्वपूर्ण माना जा चुका है। शायद महुआ डोरी ही एकमात्र ऐसी वनोपज होगी जिसमें हासिल तत्वों की मदद से खाद्य व अखाद्य सामग्रियों के अलावा औषधियां भी बनाई जा सकती हैं।

” महुआ डोरी मैं नई फसल की खरीदी 2200 से 2300रुपए क्विंटल की दर पर की जा रही है। तेल निकाले जाने के बाद खली 14 से 15 सो रुपए क्विंटल पर बिक रहा है। इस बार भाव तेजी लिए हुए हैं। यह स्थिति आगे भी बनी रहेगी क्योंकि स्थानीय इकाइयों की मांग बनी हुई है ” – सुभाष अग्रवाल, संचालक एस पी इंडस्ट्रीज रायपुर

” वनोपज की जितनी भी किस्में प्रदेश में मिलती है उसमें महुआ डोरी के बीज ही एकमात्र चीज है जिसमें सबसे ज्यादा उपयोगी तत्व है। बीज से निकलने वाले तेल का उपयोग खाद्य और अखाद्य दोनों प्रकार की वस्तुओं के निर्माण में किया जा सकता है तो खली संपूर्ण प्राकृतिक उर्वरक है” – डाँ अजीत विलियम, साइंटिस्ट फॉरेस्ट्री, टी सी बी कॉलेज ऑफ एग्री एंड रिसर्च स्टेशन बिलासपुर।

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